Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use… Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use the first thirteen

Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use… Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use the first thirteen rules of inference to derive the conclusion of each.  After you translate these problems, then solve the argument; as you solve them in part III. I have underlined the conclusion of each argument, you are required to prove that the conclusion follows from the premises.  Either Sartre believes in freedom just in case Camus does, or existentialism is problematic.  But existentialism is neither incoherent nor problematic.  So, Sartre believes in freedom if, and only if, Camus does.Descartes and either Spinoza or Leibniz defend the ontological argument. But if Descartes and Spinoza defend the ontological argument, then rationalism is not theistic. If Descartes and Leibniz defend the ontological argument, then rationalism is not libertarian. So, rationalism is not both theistic and libertarian.If truth is not subjective, then there are universally valid principles of justice. If truth is not relative, then we can know the principles of justice. If truth is both subjective and relative, then there are no moral facts. But there are moral facts. So, either there are universally valid principles of justice or we can know the principles of justice.Either morality is individualistic or Nietzsche is not right about morality. Either morality is individualistic or Thrasymachus is not right about morality. Nietzsche and Thrasymachus are not both wrong. So, morality is individualistic.The self is either the soul or consciousness, or it’s irreducible or nonexistent. If the self is either the soul or consciousness, then empirical science is useless. If the self is irreducible, then it is really consciousness. Empirical science is not useless. So, neither empirical science is useless nor is the soul not nonexistent.  Math Logic MPHILO 103 Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

Writing a critical essay involves analyzing a particular text or work of art and evaluating its effectiveness or merit. To write a critical essay, follow these steps:

Choose a topic: Select a text or work of art that you want to analyze. This could be a book, movie, piece of artwork, or even a speech.

Read or watch the work: Read or watch the work carefully, taking notes as you go. Pay attention to the themes, characters, plot, and any literary or artistic techniques used.

Research: Conduct research on the work to gain a deeper understanding of its context, history, and cultural significance. This can help you better evaluate the work’s effectiveness.

Develop a thesis statement: Based on your analysis and research, develop a thesis statement that articulates your argument or perspective on the work. Your thesis should be clear, specific, and debatable.

Write an outline: Organize your thoughts and arguments into an outline, which will guide the structure of your essay.

Write the essay: Using your outline as a guide, write your essay. Be sure to support your thesis with evidence from the text and incorporate your research to provide context.

Edit and revise: Once you have completed your first draft, edit and revise your essay for clarity, coherence, and style.

Example of a critical essay on a book:

Thesis statement: In George Orwell’s “1984,” the use of language as a tool of oppression reveals the dangers of totalitarianism.

In “1984,” Orwell depicts a dystopian society where the government controls every aspect of citizens’ lives, including their thoughts and language. The government’s language, Newspeak, is a tool of oppression that limits citizens’ ability to think critically and communicate effectively. For example, the government replaces words with their opposite to limit the range of ideas that can be expressed. The government also uses slogans and propaganda to manipulate citizens’ beliefs and emotions. By showing how language is used as a tool of oppression, Orwell reveals the dangers of totalitarianism and the importance of preserving free speech and thought.

Example of a critical essay on a movie:

Thesis statement: In “Get Out,” director Jordan Peele uses horror and satire to critique racism and the commodification of black bodies.

“Get Out” is a horror movie that doubles as a biting satire of racism and the commodification of black bodies. The movie follows Chris, a black man who visits his white girlfriend’s family and uncovers a horrifying conspiracy. Peele uses horror tropes to underscore the horror of racism, such as the “sunken place” where Chris is trapped. He also uses satire to expose the absurdity of the commodification of black bodies, such as the white family’s desire to transplant their consciousness into black bodies. By blending horror and satire, Peele creates a powerful critique of racism and its insidious effects on society.

In conclusion, writing a critical essay involves careful analysis, research, and evaluation of a particular text or work of art. By developing a clear thesis statement and supporting it with evidence and research, you can provide a thoughtful and persuasive critique of the work.

Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use…          Translate the following arguments into symbolic form and then use the first thirteen rules of inference to derive the conclusion of each.  After you translate these problems, then solve the argument; as you solve them in part III. I have underlined the conclusion of each argument, you are required to prove that the conclusion follows from the premises.  Either Sartre believes in freedom just in case Camus does, or existentialism is problematic.  But existentialism is neither incoherent nor problematic.  So, Sartre believes in freedom if, and only if, Camus does.Descartes and either Spinoza or Leibniz defend the ontological argument. But if Descartes and Spinoza defend the ontological argument, then rationalism is not theistic. If Descartes and Leibniz defend the ontological argument, then rationalism is not libertarian. So, rationalism is not both theistic and libertarian.If truth is not subjective, then there are universally valid principles of justice. If truth is not relative, then we can know the principles of justice. If truth is both subjective and relative, then there are no moral facts. But there are moral facts. So, either there are universally valid principles of justice or we can know the principles of justice.Either morality is individualistic or Nietzsche is not right about morality. Either morality is individualistic or Thrasymachus is not right about morality. Nietzsche and Thrasymachus are not both wrong. So, morality is individualistic.The self is either the soul or consciousness, or it’s irreducible or nonexistent. If the self is either the soul or consciousness, then empirical science is useless. If the self is irreducible, then it is really consciousness. Empirical science is not useless. So, neither empirical science is useless nor is the soul not nonexistent.                                                             Math                                                Logic                            MPHILO 103                                                                      Share QuestionEmailCopy link                              Comments (0)

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